feeding Chickens
Written by: 
Kia Elliot

How to Feed Backyard Chickens Without Breaking the Bank.


Backyard chickens have gained immense popularity in recent years due to their numerous benefits.

Not only do they provide a sustainable source of fresh eggs, but they also offer companionship and a unique gardening experience.

However, one of the common concerns for chicken owners is the cost of feeding their feathered friends.

In this article, we will explore various strategies and techniques to help you feed your backyard chickens without straining your budget.

Importance of Backyard Chickens

Backyard chickens are more than just poultry; they are valuable additions to any home. They offer a direct connection to the food we consume, provide natural pest control, and contribute to sustainable living practices.

By raising chickens in your backyard, you create a self-reliant ecosystem and reduce your environmental footprint.

Benefits of Raising Chickens

Raising chickens comes with an array of benefits that extend beyond their eggs.

Chickens can help with soil fertilization, weed control, and even provide emotional well-being. The therapeutic effects of spending time with chickens can alleviate stress and improve mental health.

Additionally, they serve as excellent educational tools for children, teaching them about responsibility, animal care, and the cycle of life.

Here are the main benefits of raising backyard chickens:

  • Fresh Eggs: Having chickens means you have a constant supply of fresh eggs. They are more flavourful and nutritious than store-bought ones.
  • Pest Control: Chickens love to eat insects, which helps in keeping the bug population in your garden under control.
  • Fertilizer Production: Chicken manure is an excellent fertilizer. It's rich in nitrogen and can greatly benefit your garden or compost pile.
  • Weed Control: Chickens will naturally eat and reduce the number of weeds in your garden.
  • Sustainability: Raising chickens helps in promoting a sustainable lifestyle by reducing dependency on factory-farmed eggs.
  • Educational for Children: Keeping chickens can be educational for children, teaching them responsibility and where their food comes from.
  • Reduction of Food Waste: Chickens can eat kitchen scraps, which helps in reducing household waste.
  • Enjoyment and Companionship: Many chicken breeds are sociable and can be quite affectionate, providing joy and companionship.
  • Meat Production: In addition to egg production, some people raise chickens for meat.
  • Source of Income: You can potentially earn extra income by selling eggs or chickens.
  • Improved Mental Well-being: The routine care of chickens and the connection with animals has been shown to reduce stress and improve mental well-being.
  • Engagement with Community: Raising chickens can foster engagement with a community of fellow chicken enthusiasts for advice and support.
Backyard Chicken eggs

Financial Considerations for Chicken Feed

While the benefits of backyard chickens are numerous, the cost of feeding them can add up over time. However, with proper planning and smart strategies, you can minimise the expenses without compromising the health and well-being of your flock. 

Let's explore the 13 most practical ways to achieve this.

1. Understanding the Nutritional Needs of Chickens

Before diving into cost-saving measures, it's crucial to understand the nutritional requirements of chickens.

Chickens need a balanced diet that includes proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals to maintain optimal health.

Each nutrient plays a vital role in supporting their growth, immune system, and egg production. By tailoring their diet based on their age and purpose, you can ensure their nutritional needs are met efficiently.

2. Creating a Budget for Chicken Feed

To effectively manage your chicken feed expenses, start by assessing the number of chickens you have. This will give you an idea of the quantity of feed you'll need.

Calculate the average daily feed consumption per chicken by considering their breed, age, and activity level. With this information, estimate the monthly and yearly feed costs. By having a budget in place, you can plan and allocate your resources accordingly.

Chicken Feeding Budget

3. Homemade Chicken Feed Recipes

Creating homemade chicken feed can be a cost-effective and rewarding alternative to store-bought options. Homemade feed allows you to have better control over the ingredients, ensuring a balanced diet for your flock.

Experiment with different recipes using readily available ingredients such as grains, proteins, leafy greens, and vegetable scraps. From a basic grain and protein mix to a nutritious leafy greens and vegetable mash, there are endless possibilities to explore.

4. Growing Your Own Chicken Feed

Another cost-saving approach is growing your own chicken feed.

By dedicating a portion of your garden to chicken-friendly plants and vegetables, you can provide your flock with fresh and nutritious options.

Research suitable plants such as comfrey, sunflowers, and clover that are rich in nutrients and easy to grow. Proper planning, preparation, and maintenance of your garden will ensure a bountiful harvest of homegrown feed for your chickens.

5. Foraging and Free-Range Feeding

Allowing your chickens to forage and free-range is a natural way to supplement their diet.

Chickens are skilled foragers, and by giving them access to a safe outdoor space, they can find insects, worms, seeds, and plants to supplement their nutrition.

Free-range feeding provides exercise and mental stimulation for your flock, as they engage in their natural behaviours.

Not only does this promote their overall well-being, but it also reduces their dependence on commercial feed.

However, it's important to identify safe forage options and ensure that they receive additional feed to meet their nutritional requirements adequately.

Chicken tractors are a simple and useful method for allowing your chickens to free-range.

6. Waste Reduction and Alternative Feed Sources

Reducing feed wastage is a practical way to cut down on expenses. Implement strategies such as using feeders designed to minimise spillage and spoilage.

Additionally, consider utilising food waste from your kitchen to supplement your chickens' diet. Leftover fruits, vegetables, and grains can be fed to your flock, ensuring that nothing goes to waste. 

Furthermore, explore alternative feed sources such as insects, bugs, earthworms, and sprouted grains. These sources are not only nutritious but also provide a more sustainable and cost-effective option.

7. Bartering and Cooperative Buying

Take advantage of the community around you by engaging in bartering or cooperative buying. Connect with local farmers or fellow chicken owners who may be interested in trading resources.

By exchanging surplus produce, grains, or other items, you can provide variety to your chickens' diet without incurring extra costs.

Consider organising cooperative feed purchases where a group of chicken owners pool their resources to buy feed in bulk, thus reducing individual expenses.

8. Bulk Buying and Long-Term Storage

Buying feed in bulk is an effective way to save money in the long run.

Look for suppliers or local farmers who offer bulk options at a discounted price. By purchasing feed in larger quantities, you can take advantage of economies of scale and lower the overall cost per pound.

Ensure proper storage techniques to maintain feed quality, including using airtight containers or bins to protect against pests, moisture, and spoilage. Implement a rotation system to ensure older feed gets used first, preventing any waste or loss.

9. Supplementing with Scraps and Kitchen Leftovers

Kitchen scraps can serve as a valuable resource for supplementing your chickens' diet. However, it's essential to be aware of suitable food scraps and those that should be avoided.

Offer your chickens vegetable peels, cooked grains, fruit remnants, and leftover bread in moderation. Avoid feeding them anything toxic or harmful, such as chocolate, caffeine, or spoiled food.

When utilising scraps, ensure a balanced diet by providing the necessary nutrients through other feed sources as well.

feed chickens food scraps

10. Alternative Protein Sources for Chickens

Exploring alternative protein sources can be both cost-effective and beneficial for your chickens.

Consider incorporating non-traditional protein sources into their diet, such as mealworms, black soldier fly larvae, and duckweed.

These protein-rich options not only provide variety but can also be cultivated at home or sourced from specialised suppliers.

When introducing alternative protein sources, be mindful of any precautions or specific considerations to ensure the well-being of your flock.

11. Strategies to Feed Backyard Chickens for Optimal Nutrition

Optimising your feeding strategies can help maximise the nutritional value of the feed you provide.

Adjust the feed based on seasonal changes to accommodate your chickens' varying energy requirements.

During egg-laying or moulting seasons, consider supplementing their diet with additional nutrients to support their specific needs. Explore supplements and additives, such as calcium for eggshell production or probiotics for digestive health.

Don't forget to provide clean and fresh water at all times, as hydration is essential for your chickens' overall well-being.

12. Pest Control and Natural Remedies

Common pests can pose health risks to your flock, impacting their well-being and potentially increasing feed consumption. Implement natural pest control methods to reduce the need for chemical interventions.

Utilise herbs and plants with pest-repellent properties, such as lavender or garlic, to create a healthier environment for your chickens. 

Additionally, explore herbal remedies that can address common health issues in chickens. Herbs like oregano, thyme, and chamomile have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that can support the immune system and aid in preventing or treating ailments naturally.

By incorporating these natural remedies into your flock management practices, you can promote a healthier and more sustainable approach to chicken care.

13. Maintaining a Healthy Flock

Maintaining the health of your flock is crucial for their overall well-being and minimising the need for costly veterinary interventions. 

Conduct regular health checks to monitor their condition, look for signs of nutritional deficiencies, and identify any potential health issues.

Ensure that your chickens receive a balanced diet that meets their nutritional requirements to prevent diseases.

Balancing their feed with appropriate exercise and space for movement will contribute to their overall fitness and vitality.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

To provide further clarity on feeding backyard chickens without breaking the bank, here are answers to some common questions:

How much should I feed my chickens?

The amount of feed depends on factors such as the chicken's size, breed, age, and activity level.

As a general guideline, adult chickens typically consume around 1/4 to 1/3 of a pound of feed per day.

Can I feed my chickens table scraps?

Yes, you can feed your chickens certain table scraps, such as vegetable scraps, fruit remnants, and cooked grains.

Avoid giving them anything toxic or harmful, such as foods containing high levels of salt, sugar, or caffeine.

How often should I change their feed?

It's recommended to provide fresh feed daily. Remove any uneaten feed to prevent spoilage and attracting pests.

Are there any foods that are toxic to chickens?

Yes, there are several foods that are toxic to chickens and should be avoided. Examples include chocolate, caffeine, avocado, raw potatoes, and onions. It's crucial to familiarise yourself with a comprehensive list of foods that are harmful to chickens.

Can chickens eat grass clippings?

While chickens can eat grass clippings, it's essential to ensure that the grass has not been treated with any chemicals or pesticides.

Additionally, avoid feeding large amounts of grass clippings, as they can cause digestive issues.

How can I prevent rats and rodents from accessing chicken feed?

To deter rats and rodents, store your chicken feed in secure, rodent-proof containers.

Keep the feeding areas clean, promptly remove spilled feed, and ensure that the coop is free from openings that can allow rodents to enter.


Feeding backyard chickens without breaking the bank is possible with careful planning and implementing cost-saving strategies.

By understanding their nutritional needs, creating a budget, exploring homemade and homegrown feed options, and utilising alternative sources, you can provide a balanced diet for your flock while being mindful of your expenses.

Additionally, implementing feeding strategies, natural pest control methods, and maintaining the overall health of your chickens will contribute to their well-being and reduce the need for costly interventions.

With these tips in mind, you can enjoy the benefits of raising backyard chickens while keeping your budget in check.

As a dedicated teacher, mother, and writer on sustainability from Sydney, Australia, my heart is set on sharing the message of environmental care.

I believe in the power of nurturing love and responsibility towards our planet, starting with our children.

My approach blends simplicity with depth, aiming to spark a genuine interest in young minds about the importance of being kind to the environment.

This isn't just about the planet; it's about showing love and care for our families and communities by creating a healthier world for them.

Through engaging and heartfelt teaching methods and writings, I aspire to guide children in understanding that taking care of the Earth is a way of nurturing and protecting those they love, shaping them into compassionate guardians of a sustainable future.

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